Land of Israel and Jewish heritage
A series from the book written by Naveed Anjum
Jewish Life in the Land of Canaan, cont’d
The Promised Land, cont’d
Pact of Umar
The Pact of ’Umar is a legal document that is purported to be a “peace accord” between invading Muslims and Christians. Rather than functioning as a treaty, it is an agreement by non-Muslim Christians and Jews to be subjugated and humiliated by the invading and occupying Muslims. The second caliph, Umar ibn al-Khattab, created and signed the first such document in the 7th century for the Christians in Syria. This “pact” formed the pattern for later Muslim interactions with Christians and Jews. As a result, Muslims also instituted this pact when they occupied Jerusalem.
Reading through the Pact of ’Umar, it is easy to see the severe subjugation and humiliation that Muslims imposed on Christians and Jews. Since this pact did not exist prior to the 7th century, it is evident that this treatment did not exist prior to that time. Therefore, there were no Arabs or Muslims living in that area and no Muslim period in Israel (i.e. Palestine) or Jerusalem prior to that time. This is why Caliph Umar Bin Khattab, the Muslim leader, addressed his Army thus:
“None of you were born in this Land but not after today.”
’Umar made this speech to his own people. This clears up the issue of whether Israelis have taken the land from the Arabs who call themselves Palestinians. Since the land was being called Palestine, then those Christians and Jews who occupied it prior to the Muslim invasion were the true Palestinians at that time the Muslim armies took the Land from them.
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