Land of Israel and Jewish heritage – 43

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage

A series from the book written by Naveed Anjum

Jewish Life in the Land of Canaan, cont’d

The Promised Land, cont’d

Pact of Umar

The Pact of ’Umar is a legal document that is purported to be a “peace accord” between invading Muslims and Christians. Rather than functioning as a treaty, it Continue reading

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage – 42

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage

A series from the book written by Naveed Anjum

Jewish Life in the Land of Canaan, cont’d

The Promised Land, cont’d

Islamic period

In 638 CE, the Byzantine Empire lost control of the Levant. Under Caliph Omar, the Arab Islamic Empire conquered Jerusalem and the lands of Mesopotamia, Continue reading

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage – 41

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage

A series from the book written by Naveed Anjum

Jewish Life in the Land of Canaan, cont’d

The Promised Land, cont’d

Byzantine period

During the Byzantine period, Jews in the province of Palestine lived under the oppressive rule of the Byzantines. Under Byzantine rule, Jews revolted twice Continue reading

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage – 40

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage

A series from the book written by Naveed Anjum

Jewish Life in the Land of Canaan, cont’d

The Promised Land, cont’d

Late Roman period, Conclusion

As you recall, during the 132–135 CE Bar Kokhba revolt, Julius Severus ravaged Judea, destroyed 985 villages, and banished many Jews from Jerusalem, which Continue reading

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage – 39

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage

A series from the book written by Naveed Anjum

Jewish Life in the Land of Canaan, cont’d

The Promised Land, cont’d

Late Roman period, cont’d

Later Jewish scholars, the Amoraim, succeeded the Tannaim. Amoraim is the Aramaic plural אמוראים [amoʁa ˈim] of the singular Amora אמורא [amoˈʁa] and Continue reading

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage – 38

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage

A series from the book written by Naveed Anjum

Jewish Life in the Land of Canaan, cont’d

The Promised Land, cont’d

Late Roman period

In this late Roman period, the Tannaim and Amoraim were active and dominant. They were rabbis who organized and debated the Jewish oral traditions and Continue reading

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage – 37

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage

A series from the book written by Naveed Anjum

Jewish Life in the Land of Canaan, cont’d

The Promised Land, cont’d

The Kingdoms of Judah and Israel, cont’d

Major Roman versus Judean battles took place in Gamla and in Masada. Gamla, inhabited from Early Bronze Age, sits at the Golan’s southern part, overlooking Continue reading

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage – 36

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage

A series from the book written by Naveed Anjum

Jewish Life in the Land of Canaan, cont’d

The Promised Land, cont’d

The Kingdoms of Judah and Israel, cont’d

Under the Hasmonean Dynasty, Israel gradually was restored. There were additional Hasmonean victories (147 BCE), the Seleucids relinquished rule over Continue reading

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage – 35

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage

A series from the book written by Naveed Anjum

Jewish Life in the Land of Canaan, cont’d

The Promised Land, cont’d

Persian and Greek rule

While still under Persian rule, the last three Jewish prophets, Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi, lived, prophesied, wrote, and died. Afterward, leadership of the Continue reading

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage – 34

Land of Israel and Jewish heritage

A series from the book written by Naveed Anjum

Jewish Life in the Land of Canaan, cont’d

The Promised Land, cont’d

The Kingdoms of Judah and Israel

The end of King Solomon’s rule was stained by the population’s disgruntlement caused by the heavy price they paid for his ambitious schemes. This was in Continue reading